Droplet proteomic sample preparation (nPOP)

Massively parallel sample prep method by Leduc et al, 2021

Peer reviewed article: Leduc A, Huffman RG, Cantlon J, Khan S, Slavov N, Exploring functional protein covariation across single cells using nPOP Genome Biol 23, 261 10.1186/s13059-022-02817-5, Data Websites


Research Article nPOP @ protocols.io GitHub Q&A Videos


nano-ProteOmic droplet sample Preparation (nPOP) method for single-cell proteomics by mass-spectrometry


Data Websites


Introduction Resources Advantages of nPOP Applications Videos


The nano-ProteOmic sample Preparation (nPOP) uses piezo acoustic dispensing to isolate individual cells in 300 picoliter volumes and performs all subsequent preparation steps in small droplets on a fluorocarbon-coated slide. This design enables simultaneous sample preparation of thousands of single cells, including lysing, digesting, and labeling individual cells in volumes below 20 nl.


The nPOP protocol can be found here and the cellenONE software files for performing sample prep can be found here.

Additionally, tools for mapping single cell image data from the cellenONE to sets run for LC/MS are available here on this GitHub page.

Advantages of nPOP

  1. nPOP can prepare thousands of single cells in a single batch
    • This minimizes the # of batches and associated technical variation
  2. nPOP uses only mass-spec compatible chemicals and volumes below 20 nl
  3. nPOP droplet layouts are computationally programmable and thus very flexible
    • Thus nPOP can be used for all multiplexed or label-free workflows without specialized consumables
  4. nPOP uses accessible consumables and small amounts of labels
    • This keeps costs down to about 10-20 cents / single cell.

nPOP uses the CellenONE instrument, which is commercially available. Without access to CellenONE, one may use mPOP, which can prepares a few hundred single cells in parallel. Both mPOP and nPOP are fully compatible with all mass-spectrometry methods described in this portal.


Applications & data



Recorded video presentations

YouTube Playlist